How to Cook Fresh Pasta: A Step-by-Step Guide

There’s nothing like the taste of freshly made pasta, and it’s surprisingly easy to make at home. Whether you prefer linguine, fettuccine, or ravioli, this guide will show you how to cook perfect fresh pasta every time.

Choosing the Right Flour

The first step to making fresh pasta is to choose the right flour. You want to use a finely ground flour with a high protein content, such as tipo ’00’ flour or bread flour. All-purpose flour can also work, but it may result in a slightly chewier texture.

Make sure to measure the flour accurately using a kitchen scale. The ratio of flour to eggs is typically 100 grams of flour per large egg, but this can vary depending on the recipe.

Making the Dough

To make the dough, you’ll need a clean work surface, a large mixing bowl, and a fork or your hands. Start by pouring the flour onto the work surface and making a well in the center.

Crack the eggs into the well and use a fork to beat the eggs until they’re well combined. Slowly start to incorporate the flour from the edges of the well until a sticky dough forms.

Knead the dough for at least 10 minutes until it becomes smooth and elastic. If the dough is too sticky, add a sprinkle of flour, and if it’s too dry, add a teaspoon of water.

Rolling Out the Dough

Once the dough is kneaded, cover it with a damp towel and let it rest for at least 30 minutes at room temperature. This will allow the gluten in the dough to relax and make it easier to roll out.

You can roll out the dough using a rolling pin or a pasta machine. If you’re using a pasta machine, start at the thickest setting and work your way down to the desired thickness.

For thicker pasta like fettuccine or tagliatelle, roll the dough out to a thickness of about 1/16th of an inch. For thinner pasta like linguine or spaghetti, roll the dough out to a thickness of about 1/32nd of an inch.

Cutting the Pasta

Once the dough is rolled out to the desired thickness, you can cut it into the shape you want. For shapes like fettuccine or linguine, use a pasta cutter or a sharp knife to cut the dough into strips. For shapes like ravioli or tortellini, use a cookie cutter or a sharp knife to cut the dough into rounds.

If you’re making stuffed pasta like ravioli, be sure to leave plenty of space between each piece to avoid sticking together while cooking.

Cooking the Pasta

To cook the fresh pasta, bring a large pot of salted water to a rolling boil. Add the pasta and stir gently to prevent it from sticking together.

Cook the pasta for 2-3 minutes (or until al dente) and then drain it in a colander. Be sure to reserve a cup of the pasta water, which can be used to adjust the sauce consistency later.

Using the Pasta

Fresh pasta is delicious on its own with a drizzle of olive oil or butter, but it’s also great with a variety of sauces and toppings.

Some popular options include tomato sauce, pesto sauce, alfredo sauce, or simply sautéed garlic and olive oil. Be sure to toss the cooked pasta in the sauce before serving so that it’s evenly coated.

Final Tips

If you’re new to making fresh pasta, it might take some practice to get it right. Don’t be discouraged if your first batch doesn’t turn out perfectly.

Additionally, be sure to clean up your work surface thoroughly after making the dough to avoid cross-contamination. And finally, consider investing in a pasta machine if you plan to make fresh pasta regularly.


Q: Can I make fresh pasta ahead of time?

A: Yes, you can make fresh pasta ahead of time. Simply store the uncooked pasta in an airtight container in the fridge for up to 2 days, or freeze it for up to 2 months.

Q: Do I need to use a pasta machine?

A: No, you can roll out the pasta by hand using a rolling pin. However, a pasta machine makes the process faster and more consistent.

Q: How much pasta should I make per person?

A: A good rule of thumb is to make 2 ounces (or 60 grams) of dry pasta per person. For fresh pasta, you may want to increase this amount since it is denser and heavier than dried pasta.

Q: How should I store leftover cooked pasta?

A: Leftover cooked pasta should be stored in an airtight container in the fridge for up to 3 days. It can also be frozen for up to 2 months.

LSI Keywords Semantic Keywords
Fresh pasta Homemade pasta, artisanal pasta, handcrafted pasta, authentic pasta
Flour Tipo ’00’ flour, bread flour, all-purpose flour, finely ground flour, protein content
Rolling out Pasta machine, thickness, fettuccine, linguine, tagliatelle, spaghetti
Cooking Al dente, boiling, salted water, colander, pasta water, sauce consistency
Sauce Tomato sauce, pesto sauce, alfredo sauce, garlic and olive oil